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  1. south
    IPA[souTH]
  2. noun

    • 1. the direction toward the point of the horizon 90° clockwise from east, or the point on the horizon itself:

      the breeze came from the south they trade with the countries to the south
    • 2. the compass point corresponding to south.

    • 3. the southern part of the world or of a specified country, region, or town:

      he was staying in the south of France
    • 4. the southern states of the US, especially the eleven states of the Confederacy during the Civil War (Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, and Virginia):

      seven of the Democrats who voted in favor were from the South
    • 5. the player sitting opposite and partnering North:

      South's hand did not look right for a rebid in no trumps

    adjective

    • 1. lying toward, near, or facing the south:

      the south coast
    • 2. (of a wind) blowing from the south.

    • 3. of or denoting the southern part of a specified area, city, or country or its inhabitants:

      Telegraph Hill in South Boston

    adverb

    • 1. to or toward the south:

      they journeyed south along the valley it is handily located ten miles south of Baltimore
    • 2. below (a particular amount, cost, etc.):

      media spending last year was south of $1 million

    verb

    • 1. move toward the south:

      the wind southed a point or two
    • 2. (of a celestial body) cross the meridian.

  3. Variation

    • n.: noun: south

    • a river in northwestern North America that rises in the Rocky Mountains of southeastern British Columbia, Canada, and flows for 1,230 miles (1,953 km), first south into the US and then west to enter the Pacific Ocean south of Seattle.

      the capital of South Carolina, in the central part of the state; population 127,029 (est. 2008).

    • a city in north central California, northeast of Oakland; population 121,160 (est. 2008).

      a town in northeastern Massachusetts; population 17,450 (est. 2008). Battles here and at Lexington in April 1775 marked the start of the American Revolution.

    • adjective

      relating to or characteristic of the US state of South Carolina or its inhabitants:
    • noun

      a native or inhabitant of the US state of South Carolina:
    • the capital of West Virginia, in the southwestern part of the state; population 50,302 (est. 2008).

      a city and port in South Carolina; population 111,978 (est. 2008). The bombardment of Fort Sumter in 1861 by Confederate troops marked the beginning of the Civil War.

    • (1879–1972), US Supreme Court associate justice 1941–42. A Democrat from South Carolina, he was a member of the US House of Representatives 1911–25 and the US Senate 1931–41 before being appointed to the Court by President Franklin D. Roosevelt. He resigned a year later to take several federal positions in the war effort, and from 1945 to 1947 was US secretary of state.
    • the British colonies that ratified the Declaration of Independence in 1776 and thereby became founding states of the US. The colonies were Virginia, Massachusetts, Maryland, Connecticut, Rhode Island, North Carolina, South Carolina, New York, New Jersey, Delaware, New Hampshire, Pennsylvania, and Georgia.
    • (1782–1850) US politician; full name John Caldwell Calhoun. A South Carolina Democrat, he served as US vice president 1825–32 and in the US Senate 1832–43, 1845–50. He was noted as a champion of states' rights and of slavery.
    • (1767–1845) 7th president of the US 1829–37; known as Old Hickory. A Tennessee Democrat, he served in the US House of Representatives 1796–97 and as a US Senator 1797–98, 1823–25. As a general in the US Army during the War of 1812, he became known for his successful defense of New Orleans. As president, he vetoed the renewal of the charter of the Bank of the United States, opposed the nullification issue in South Carolina, and initiated the spoils system. During his administration, the national debt was paid off completely, the Wisconsin Territory was organized, Michigan was admitted as the 26th state, and the independence of Texas was recognized.
    • (1902–2003), US politician; full name James Strom Thurmond. He was governor of South Carolina 1947–51 and a member of the US Senate from South Carolina 1954–2003. An ardent segregationist, he ran for president on the States' Rights Party (Dixiecrat) ticket in 1948. Originally a Democrat, he switched to the Republican Party in 1964.
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