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  1. Co·lum·bi·a
    IPA[kəˈləmbēə]
    • 1. a river in northwestern North America that rises in the Rocky Mountains of southeastern British Columbia, Canada, and flows for 1,230 miles (1,953 km), first south into the US and then west to enter the Pacific Ocean south of Seattle.

    • 2. the capital of South Carolina, in the central part of the state; population 127,029 (est. 2008).

    • 3. a residential community in central Maryland, between Baltimore and Washington, DC, planned and established in the 1960s; population 88,254 (2000).

    • 4. a city in central Missouri, home to the University of Missouri; population 100,733 (est. 2008).

    • 5. a city in west central Tennessee, on the Tennessee River, southwest of Nashville; population 34,402 (est. 2008).

    • adjective

      situated or occurring in the middle of the Atlantic ocean:

      having characteristics of both Britain and America, or designed to appeal to the people of both countries:

    • noun

      (before the Civil War) a state of the US in which slavery was illegal.

      a name for Maryland

    • a state of the northwestern US, on the coast of the Pacific Ocean; population 6,549,224 (est. 2008); capital, Olympia. It became the 42nd state in 1889.

      the capital of the US; population 591,833 (est. 2008). It is coextensive with the District of Columbia, a federal district on the Potomac River bordering on the states of Virginia and Maryland. Founded in 1790, during the presidency of George Washington, the city was planned by engineer Pierre-Charles L'Enfant (1754–1825) and built as the capital. Full name Washington, D.C.

    • the state capital of Maryland, on the western coast of Chesapeake Bay; population 36,524 (est. 2008). It is the home of the US Naval Academy.
    • the British colonies that ratified the Declaration of Independence in 1776 and thereby became founding states of the US. The colonies were Virginia, Massachusetts, Maryland, Connecticut, Rhode Island, North Carolina, South Carolina, New York, New Jersey, Delaware, New Hampshire, Pennsylvania, and Georgia.
    • a federal district of the US, coextensive with the city of Washington, situated on the Potomac River with boundaries on the states of Virginia and Maryland.
    • (1777–1864), US chief justice 1836–64. He was active in Maryland politics and was the US attorney general 1831–33 before being appointed chief justice. He upheld the principle of federal supremacy over states' rights. In the Dred Scott v. Sandford case 1857, he expressed the opinion that blacks could not be citizens and that Congress had no control over slavery in the territories.
    • noun

      a native or inhabitant of the US state of Maryland:
    • a large inlet of the North Atlantic Ocean on the US coast that extends north for 200 miles (320 km) through the states of Virginia and Maryland.
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