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  1. run
    IPA[rən]
  2. verb

    • 1. move at a speed faster than a walk, never having both or all the feet on the ground at the same time:

      the dog ran across the road she ran the last few yards, breathing heavily he hasn't paid for his drinks—run and catch him
      Synonym : sprint, race, dart, rush, dash, hasten, hurry, scurry, scuttle, scamper, hare, bolt, bound, fly, gallop, career, charge, pound, shoot, hurtle, speed, streak, whiz, zoom, sweep, go like lightning, go hell for leather, go like the wind, flash, double, jog, lope, trot, jogtrot, dogtrot, tear, pelt, scoot, hotfoot it, leg it, belt, zip, whip, go like a bat out of hell, step on it, get a move on, get cracking, put on some speed, stir one's stumps, hop it, bomb, boogie, hightail it, barrel, get the lead out, cut along, post, hie, flee, run away, run off, make a run for it, run for it, take flight, make off, take off, take to one's heels, make a break for it, bolt, beat a (hasty) retreat, make a quick exit, make one's getaway, escape, head for the hills, do a disappearing act, beat it, clear off, clear out, vamoose, skedaddle, split, cut and run, leg it, show a clean pair of heels, turn tail, scram, do a runner, scarper, do a bunk, light out, bug out, cut out, peel out, take a powder, skiddoo, go through, shoot through, bugger off, fly
    • 2. run as a sport or for exercise:

      I run every morning
    • 3. (of an athlete or a racehorse) compete in a race:

      she ran in the 200 meters Dave has run 42 marathons
      Synonym : compete, take part, participate, enter, be in
    • 4. enter (a racehorse) for a race.

    • 5. move about in a hurried and hectic way:

      I've spent the whole day running around after the kids
    • 6. (of a batter or base runner) attempt to advance to the next base.

    • 7. (of hounds) chase or hunt their quarry:

      the hounds are running
    • 8. (of a boat) sail directly before the wind, especially in bad weather:

      we slanted across to the far bank and ran before the wind
    • 9. (of a migratory fish) go upriver from the sea in order to spawn.

    • 10. pass or cause to pass quickly or smoothly in a particular direction:

      the rumor ran through the pack of photographers Helen ran her fingers through her hair
    • 11. move or cause to move somewhere forcefully or with a particular result:

      the tanker ran aground off the Aleutian Islands a woman ran a stroller into the back of my legs
    • 12. fail to stop at (a red traffic light):

      cameras triggered by cars running red lights at intersections
    • 13. navigate (rapids or a waterfall) in a boat:

      the boats were preparing to run the big rapids
    • 14. (with reference to a liquid) flow or cause to flow:

      a small river runs into the sea at one side of the castle she ran cold water into the sink
    • 15. cause water to flow over (something):

      I ran my hands under the faucet
    • 16. fill (a bath) with water:

      she ran a bath and lowered herself into the water I'll run you a nice hot bath
    • 17. be covered or streaming with (a particular liquid):

      his face was running with sweat
      Synonym : stream with, drip with, be covered with, be wet with, be flooded by
    • 18. emit or exude a liquid:

      she was weeping loudly, and her nose was running
      Synonym : stream, drip, exude/secrete/ooze liquid
    • 19. (of a solid substance) melt and become fluid:

      it was so hot that the butter ran
    • 20. (of the sea, the tide, or a river) rise higher or flow more quickly:

      there was still a heavy sea running
    • 21. (of dye or color in fabric or paper) dissolve and spread when the fabric or paper becomes wet:

      the red dye ran when the socks were washed
    • 22. extend or cause to extend in a particular direction:

      cobbled streets run down to a tiny harbor he ran a wire under the carpet
    • 23. pass into or reach a specified state or level:

      inflation is running at 11 percent the decision ran counter to previous government commitments
    • 24. (of a bus, train, ferry, or other form of transportation) make a regular journey on a particular route:

      buses run into town every half hour
      Synonym : travel, ply, shuttle, go, make a regular journey
    • 25. put (a particular form of public transportation) in service:

      the group is drawing up plans to run trains on key routes
    • 26. take (someone) somewhere in a car:

      I'll run you home
      Synonym : drive, give someone a lift, take, bring, ferry, chauffeur, transport, convey
    • 27. be in charge of; manage:

      Andrea runs her own catering business an attractive family-run hotel
      Synonym : be in charge of, manage, administer, direct, control, be in control of, be the boss of, boss, head, lead, govern, supervise, superintend, oversee, look after, organize, coordinate, regulate, operate, conduct, carry on, own, preside over, officiate at
    • 28. (of a system, organization, or plan) operate or proceed in a particular way:

      everything's running according to plan
      Synonym : operate, function, work, go, be in operation, tick over, idle, perform, behave
    • 29. organize and make available for other people:

      we decided to run a series of seminars
      Synonym : carry out, do, perform, fulfill, execute
    • 30. carry out (a test or procedure):

      he asked the army to run tests on the anti nerve-gas pills
    • 31. own, maintain, and use (a vehicle):

      he could no longer afford to run a car
    • 32. be in or cause to be in operation; function or cause to function:

      the car runs on unleaded fuel a number of peripherals can be run off one SCSI port
      Synonym : operate, function, work, go, be in operation, tick over, idle, perform, behave
    • 33. move or cause to move between the spools of a recording machine:

      I ran the tape back the tape has run out
    • 34. continue or be valid or operative for a particular period of time:

      the course ran for two days this particular debate will run on and on
      Synonym : be valid, last, be in effect, operate, be in operation, be operative, be current, continue, be effective, have force, have effect
    • 35. happen or arrive at the specified time:

      the program was running fifteen minutes late
    • 36. (of a play or exhibition) be staged or presented:

      the play ran on Broadway last year
      Synonym : be staged, be presented, be performed, be on, be put on, be produced, be mounted, be screened, last
    • 37. be a candidate in a political election:

      he announced that he intended to run for President
      Synonym : stand for, stand for election as, stand as a candidate for, be a contender for, put oneself forward for, put oneself up for
    • 38. (especially of a political party) sponsor (a candidate) in an election:

      they ran their first candidate for the school board
    • 39. publish or be published in a newspaper or magazine:

      the tabloids ran the story when the story ran, there was a big to-do
      Synonym : publish, print, feature, carry, put out, release, issue
    • 40. (of a story, argument, or piece of writing) have a specified wording or contents:

      “Tapestries slashed!” ran the dramatic headline
    • 41. bring (goods) into a country illegally and secretly; smuggle:

      they run drugs for the cocaine cartels
      Synonym : smuggle, traffic in, deal in
    • 42. (of an object or act) cost (someone) (a specified amount):

      a new photocopier will run us about $1,300
    • 43. (of a stocking or pair of tights) develop a vertical line of unraveled stitches.

    noun

    • 1. an act or spell of running:

      I usually go for a run in the morning a cross-country run
      Synonym : sprint, race, dash, gallop, rush, spurt, jog, trot
    • 2. a running pace:

      Bobby set off at a run
    • 3. an annual mass migration of fish up a river to spawn, or their return migration afterward:

      the annual salmon runs
    • 4. a journey accomplished or route taken by a vehicle, aircraft, or boat, especially on a regular basis:

      the New York-Washington run
    • 5. a short excursion made in a car:

      we could take a run out to the country
      Synonym : drive, ride, turn, trip, excursion, outing, jaunt, short journey, airing, spin, joyride, tootle, hurl
    • 6. the distance covered in a specified period, especially by a ship:

      a record run of 398 miles from noon to noon
    • 7. a short flight made by an aircraft on a straight and even course at a constant speed before or while dropping bombs:

      bombing runs by B52s
    • 8. an opportunity or attempt to achieve something:

      their absence means the Russians will have a clear run at the title
    • 9. a preliminary test of the efficiency of a procedure or system:

      if you are styling your hair yourself, have a practice run
    • 10. an attempt to secure election to political office:

      his run for the Republican nomination
    • 11. a continuous spell of a particular situation or condition:

      he's had a run of bad luck
    • 12. a continuous series of performances:

      the play had a long run on Broadway
    • 13. a quantity or amount of something produced at one time:

      a production run of only 150 cars
    • 14. a continuous stretch or length of something:

      long runs of copper piping
    • 15. a rapid series of musical notes forming a scale.

    • 16. a sequence of cards of the same suit.

    • 17. a widespread and sudden or continuous demand for (a particular currency or commodity):

      there's been a big run on nostalgia toys this year
    • 18. a sudden demand for repayment from (a bank) made by a large number of lenders:

      growing nervousness among investors led to a run on some banks
      Synonym : demand for, rush for, sudden request for, clamor for
    • 19. the average or usual type of person or thing:

      she stood out from the general run of varsity cheerleaders
    • 20. a sloping snow-covered course or track used for skiing, bobsledding, or tobogganing:

      a ski run
    • 21. a track made or regularly used by a particular animal:

      a badger run
    • 22. an enclosed area in which domestic animals or birds can run freely in the open:

      a chicken run
      Synonym : enclosure, pen, coop, compound
    • 23. a large open stretch of land used for pasture or the raising of stock:

      one of the richest cattle runs of the district
    • 24. free and unrestricted use of or access to:

      her cats were given the run of the house
      Synonym : unrestricted/free use of, unrestricted access to, a free hand in, a free rein in
    • 25. a point scored by hitting the ball so that both batsmen are able to run between the wickets, or awarded in some other circumstances.

    • 26. a point scored when a base runner reaches home plate after touching the other bases.

    • 27. a vertical line of unraveled stitches in stockings or tights:

      she had a run in her nylons
      Synonym : rip, tear, snag, hole, ladder
    • 28. a downward trickle of paint or a similar substance when applied too thickly:

      varnish should be applied with care to avoid runs and an uneven surface
    • 29. a small stream:

      a shallow run at the edge of a low rock
    • 30. the after part of a ship's bottom where it rises and narrows toward the stern.

    • 31. diarrhea.

  3. Variation

    • n.: noun: run, plural noun: runs

    • v.: verb: run, 3rd person present: runs, gerund or present participle: running, past tense: ran, past participle: run

    • verb

      move at a speed faster than a walk, never having both or all the feet on the ground at the same time:

      run as a sport or for exercise:

    • noun

      an act or spell of running:

      a running pace:

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