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  1. Marquesas Islands

    • a group of volcanic islands in the South Pacific Ocean that forms part of French Polynesia; population 8,658 (2007). They were annexed by France in 1842. The largest island, Hiva Oa, is where painter Paul Gauguin spent the last two years of his life.
    • a chain of islands lying off the coast of northwestern Europe, extending from the IJsselmeer in the Netherlands to Jutland. The islands consist of three groups: the West Frisian Islands form part of the Netherlands, the East Frisian Islands form part of Germany, and the North Frisian Islands are divided between Germany and Denmark.
    • variant spelling of Faroe Islands
    • an island group in southwestern Alaska, part of the Aleutian Islands.
    • a group of three islands in the Caribbean Sea, south of Cuba; population 60,000 (estimated 2015); capital, George Town. The Cayman Islands are a British overseas territory.
    • a group of four islands in the Bering Sea, off the coast of southwestern Alaska. First visited in 1786 by Russian explorer Gavriil Loginovich Pribylov (died 1796), they came into US possession after the purchase of Alaska in 1867.
    • a group of islands in the western Pacific comprising Guam and the Northern Marianas. In 1975, the Northern Marianas voted to establish a commonwealth in union with the US and became self-governing three years later.
    • a small group of islands in the southwestern Pacific Ocean, in Papua New Guinea, located off the southeastern tip of the island of New Guinea.
    • a group of about 100 islands off the north coast of Scotland, northeast of the Orkneys, that constitute the administrative region of Shetland; population 21,800 (est. 2009); chief town, Lerwick. Together with the Orkney Islands, the Shetland Islands became a part of Scotland in 1472.
    • a group of seven small islands in the western Philippines, in the Sulu Sea.
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