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  1. re·serve
    IPA[rəˈzərv]
  2. verb

    • 1. refrain from using or disposing of (something); retain for future use:

      roll out half the dough and reserve the other half
      Synonym : put to one side, put aside, set aside, lay aside, keep back, keep, save, hold, keep in reserve, hold back, retain, conserve, preserve, put away, withhold, earmark, hang onto
    • 2. arrange for (a room, seat, ticket, etc.) to be kept for the use of a particular person and not given to anyone else:

      a place was reserved for her in the front row
      Synonym : book, make a reservation for, order, arrange in advance, arrange for, prearrange for, secure, charter, hire, bag, engage, bespeak
    • 3. retain or hold (an entitlement to something), especially by formal or legal stipulation:

      the editor reserves the right to edit letters
      Synonym : retain, keep, hold, secure
    • 4. refrain from delivering (a judgment or decision) immediately or without due consideration or evidence:

      I'll reserve my views on his ability until he's played again
      Synonym : defer, postpone, put off, delay, withhold, take something under advisement
    • 5. use or engage in something only in or at (a particular circumstance or time):

      Japanese food has been presented as expensive and reserved for special occasions
    • 6. (in church use) retain (a portion of the consecrated elements) after mass for communion of the sick or as a focus for devotion.

    noun

    • 1. a supply of a commodity not needed for immediate use but available if required:

      Australia has major coal, gas, and uranium reserves
    • 2. funds kept available by a bank, company, or government:

      the foreign exchange reserves
    • 3. a part of a company's profits added to capital rather than paid as a dividend:

      the bank built up a cash reserve of $2bn to meet any run on the bank once the loss was revealed
    • 4. a force or body of troops kept back from action to reinforce or protect others, or additional to the regular forces and available in an emergency:

      the men were stationed as a central reserve ready to be transported wherever necessary
    • 5. a member of the military reserve:

      the army began calling up reserves for combat training
      Synonym : backup, reinforcements, extras, auxiliaries
    • 6. an extra player who is a possible substitute in a team:

      he was reserve hooker for the World Cup team
    • 7. the second-string team:

      playing in the first team has been a big step up after the reserves
    • 8. a place set aside for special use.

    • 9. a reservation for an indigenous people:

      a reserve was allocated to the tribe on Bear Island
    • 10. a protected area for wildlife:

      part of the marshes has been managed to create a splendid reserve full of birds
      Synonym : national park, animal sanctuary, preserve, reservation, conservation area, safari park, conservation park
    • 11. a lack of warmth or openness in manner or expression:

      she smiled and some of her natural reserve melted
      Synonym : reticence, self-restraint, restraint, self-containment, uncommunicativeness, unwillingness to open up, unapproachability, detachment, distance, remoteness, coolness, lack of warmth, aloofness, stand-offishness, constraint, formality, guardedness, unresponsiveness, secretiveness, taciturnity, silence, shyness, diffidence, timidity, self-effacement, inhibitedness, inhibition, coldness, frigidity, froideur
    • 12. qualification or doubt attached to some statement or claim:

      she trusted him without reserve
    • 13. short for reserve price

    • 14. (in the decoration of ceramics or textiles) an area that still has the original color of the material or the color of the background.

  3. Variation

    • n.: noun: reserve, plural noun: reserves

    • verb

      retain for future use:

      use or engage in something only in or at (a particular circumstance or time):

    • noun

      a supply of a commodity not needed for immediate use but available if required:

      funds kept available by a bank, company, or government:

    • adjective

      slow to reveal emotion or opinions:

      kept specially for a particular purpose or person:

    • adjective

      slow to reveal emotion or opinions:

      kept specially for a particular person:

    • noun

      a volunteer force that provides a reserve of trained and disciplined military personnel for use in an emergency:
    • noun

      a fund or account set aside for major long-term investment projects or other anticipated expenses:
    • noun

      a tract of land managed so as to preserve its flora, fauna, and physical features.
    • unused and available if required
    • noun

      the price stipulated as the lowest acceptable by the seller for an item sold at auction.
    • noun

      a quantity of gold held by a central bank to support the issue of currency:
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