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  1. rev·o·lu·tion
    IPA[ˌrevəˈlo͞oSH(ə)n]
  2. noun

  3. Variation

    • n.: noun: revolution, plural noun: revolutions

    • noun

      a forcible overthrow of a government or social order, in favour of a new system:

      (in Marxism) the class struggle which is expected to lead to political change and the triumph of communism:

    • the rapid development of industry that occurred in Britain in the late 18th and 19th centuries, brought about by the introduction of machinery. It was characterized by the use of steam power, the growth of factories, and the mass production of manufactured goods.
    • noun

      the proliferation of the availability of information and the accompanying changes in its storage and dissemination owing to the use of computers.
    • noun

      a large increase in crop production in developing countries achieved by the use of fertilizers, pesticides, and high-yield crop varieties.
    • a political upheaval in China 1966–76 intended to bring about a return to revolutionary Maoist beliefs. Largely carried forward by the Red Guard, it resulted in attacks on intellectuals, a large-scale purge in party posts, and the appearance of a personality cult around Mao Zedong. It led to considerable economic dislocation and was gradually brought to a halt by premier Zhou Enlai.
    • the overthrow of the Bourbon monarchy in France (1789–99).
    • the war of 1775–83 in which the American colonists won independence from British rule.
    • the revolution in the Russian empire in 1917, in which the tsarist regime was overthrown and replaced by Bolshevik rule under Lenin.
    • noun

      the state or condition, envisaged by Leon Trotsky, of a country's continuing revolutionary progress being dependent on a continuing process of revolution in other countries.
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