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  1. root
    IPA[ro͞ot]
  2. noun

    • 1. the part of a plant which attaches it to the ground or to a support, typically underground, conveying water and nourishment to the rest of the plant via numerous branches and fibers:

      cacti have deep and spreading roots a tree root
      Synonym : radicle, rhizome, rootstock, tuber, tap root, rootlet, radicel
    • 2. the persistent underground part of a plant, especially when fleshy and enlarged and used as a vegetable, e.g. a turnip or carrot:

      you should never wash roots before storing
    • 3. any plant grown for its edible root:

      roots like beet and carrot cannot be transplanted
    • 4. the embedded or basal part of a bodily organ or structure such as a hair, tooth, or nail:

      her hair was fairer at the roots
    • 5. the part of a thing attaching it to a greater or more fundamental whole; the end or base:

      a little lever near the root of the barrel
    • 6. the basic cause, source, or origin of something:

      love of money is the root of all evil jealousy was at the root of it the root cause of the problem
    • 7. family, ethnic, or cultural origins, especially as the reasons for one's long-standing emotional attachment to a place or community:

      it's always nice to return to my roots
      Synonym : origins, beginnings, family, ancestors, predecessors, heritage, birthplace, native land, motherland, fatherland, homeland, native country, native soil
    • 8. denoting or relating to something from a particular ethnic or cultural origin, especially a non-Western one:

      roots music
    • 9. (in biblical use) a scion; a descendant:

      the root of David
    • 10. a morpheme, not necessarily surviving as a word in itself, from which words have been made by the addition of prefixes or suffixes or by other modification:

      many European words stem from this linguistic root the root form of the word
    • 11. the fundamental note of a chord:

      in the sequence the roots of the chords drop by fifths
    • 12. a number or quantity that when multiplied by itself, typically a specified number of times, gives a specified number or quantity:

      find the cube root of the result
    • 13. short for square root

    • 14. a value of an unknown quantity satisfying a given equation:

      the roots of the equation differ by an integer
    • 15. a user account with full and unrestricted access to a system:

      make sure that these files can only be accessed by the root user I need to log in as root on my system to resolve an issue

    verb

    • 1. cause (a plant or cutting) to grow roots:

      root your own cuttings from stock plants
      Synonym : plant, bed out, sow
    • 2. (of a plant or cutting) establish roots:

      large trees had rooted in the canal bank
      Synonym : take root, grow roots, become established, establish, strike, take
    • 3. establish deeply and firmly:

      vegetarianism is rooted in Indian culture
    • 4. have as an origin or cause:

      the Latin
    • 5. cause (someone) to stand immobile through fear or amazement:

      George was rooted to the spot in disbelief fear rooted me to the spot
    • 6. gain access to the root account of (a smartphone or computer):

      we explained how to manually root almost any Android device
  3. Variation

    • n.: noun: root, plural noun: roots

    • v.: verb: root, 3rd person present: roots, gerund or present participle: rooting, past tense: rooted, past participle: rooted

    • verb

      (of an animal) turn up the ground with its snout in search of food:

      search unsystematically through an untidy mass or area; rummage:

    • noun

      an act of rooting:
    • noun

      the part of a plant which attaches it to the ground or to a support, typically underground, conveying water and nourishment to the rest of the plant via numerous branches and fibres:

      the persistent underground part of a plant, especially when fleshy and enlarged and used as a vegetable, e.g. a turnip or carrot:

    • verb

      cause (a plant or cutting) to grow roots:

      (of a plant or cutting) establish roots:

    • verb

      (of an animal) turn up the ground with its snout in search of food:

      search unsystematically through an untidy mass or area; rummage:

    • noun

      an act of rooting:
    • adjective

      exhausted; worn out:

      broken or badly damaged:

    • noun

      the pulp-filled cavity in the root of a tooth.

      a procedure to replace infected pulp in a root canal with an inert material.

    • noun

      the number which produces a given number when cubed.
    • noun

      an effervescent drink made from an extract of the roots and bark of certain plants.
    • noun

      the space over which the roots of a plant extend.
    • noun

      the directory at the highest level of a hierarchy.
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