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  1. strain
    IPA[strān]
  2. verb

    • 1. force (a part of one's body or oneself) to make a strenuous or unusually great effort:

      I stopped and listened, straining my ears for any sound
    • 2. make a strenuous and continuous effort:

      his voice was so quiet that I had to strain to hear it
      Synonym : struggle, labor, toil, make a supreme effort, make every effort, spare no effort, strain every nerve, try very hard, strive, break one's back, push/drive oneself to the limit, do one's best, pull out all the stops, go all out, give it one's all, bend/lean over backwards, give it one's best shot, bust a gut, break one's neck, do one's damnedest, kill oneself, go for the doctor
    • 3. injure (a limb, muscle, or organ) by overexerting it or twisting it awkwardly:

      on cold days you are more likely to strain a muscle glare from the screen can strain your eyes
    • 4. make severe or excessive demands on:

      he strained her tolerance to the limit
      Synonym : overtax, overwork, overburden, overextend, overreach, overtask, make too many demands on, run/work oneself into the ground, exert excessively, drive too far, exert to the limit, push to the limit, exhaust, wear out, fatigue, tire, tax, overdo it, work too hard, knacker, knock oneself out
    • 5. pull or push forcibly at something:

      the bear strained at the chain around its neck his stomach was swollen, straining against the thin shirt
      Synonym : pull, tug, heave, haul, jerk, push, yank
    • 6. stretch (something) tightly:

      the barbed wire fence was strained to posts six feet high
    • 7. embrace (someone) tightly:

      she strained the infant to her bosom again
    • 8. pour (a mainly liquid substance) through a porous or perforated device or material in order to separate out any solid matter:

      strain the custard into a bowl
    • 9. cause liquid to drain off (food that has been boiled, soaked, or canned) by pouring through a perforated device:

      she turned to the sink to strain the noodles
    • 10. drain off (liquid) by straining:

      strain off the surplus fat

    noun

    • 1. a force tending to pull or stretch something to an extreme or damaging degree:

      the usual type of chair puts an enormous strain on the spine aluminum may bend under strain
      Synonym : tension, tightness, tautness, shear, distension, tensity
    • 2. an injury to a part of the body caused by overexertion or twisting a muscle awkwardly:

      he has a slight groin strain
      Synonym : injury, sprain, wrench, twist, rick
    • 3. the magnitude of a deformation, equal to the change in the dimension of a deformed object divided by its original dimension.

    • 4. a severe or excessive demand on the strength, resources, or abilities of someone or something:

      the accusations put a strain on relations between the two countries she's obviously under considerable strain
      Synonym : pressure, demands, burdens, exertions, stress, tension, hassle
    • 5. a state of tension or exhaustion resulting from severe demands on one's strength or resources:

      the telltale signs of nervous strain
      Synonym : stress, tension, nervous tension, anxiety, exhaustion, fatigue, tiredness, weariness, pressure of work, overwork, duress
    • 6. the sound of a piece of music as it is played or performed:

      through the open windows came the strains of a hurdy-gurdy playing in the street
      Synonym : sound, music, melody, tune, air, song
  3. Variation

    • n.: noun: strain, plural noun: strains

    • v.: verb: strain, 3rd person present: strains, gerund or present participle: straining, past tense: strained, past participle: strained

  4. Phrase

    • noun

      a breed, stock, or variety of an animal or plant developed by breeding.

      a natural or cultured variety of a microorganism with a distinct form, biochemistry, or virulence.

    • verb

      force (a part of one's body or oneself) to make an unusually great effort:

      make an unusually great effort:

    • noun

      a force tending to pull or stretch something to an extreme or damaging degree:

      an injury to a part of the body caused by overexertion:

    • noun

      a particular breed, stock, or variety of an animal or plant.

      a natural or cultured variety of a microorganism with a distinct form, biochemistry, or virulence.

    • adjective

      (of a person) showing signs of tiredness or nervous tension:

      (of an atmosphere, situation, or relationship) not relaxed or comfortable; tense or uneasy:

    • adjective

      showing signs of nervous tension or tiredness:

      not relaxed or comfortable; tense or uneasy:

    • noun

      a device for indicating the strain of a material or structure at the point of attachment.
    • noun

      fatigue of the eyes, such as that caused by reading or looking at a computer screen for too long:
    • noun

      energy stored in an elastic body under loading:
    • using the utmost effort
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