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  1. to
    IPA[to͞o]
  2. preposition

    • 1. expressing motion in the direction of (a particular location):

      walking down to the mall my first visit to Africa
    • 2. expressing location, typically in relation to a specified point of reference:

      forty miles to the south of the site place the cursor to the left of the first word
    • 3. expressing a point reached at the end of a range or after a period of time:

      a drop in profits from $105 million to around $75 million from 1938 to 1945
    • 4. (in telling the time) before (the hour specified):

      it's five to ten
    • 5. approaching or reaching (a particular condition):

      Christopher's expression changed from amazement to joy she was close to tears
    • 6. expressing the result of a process or action:

      smashed to smithereens
    • 7. governing a phrase expressing someone's reaction to something:

      to her astonishment, he smiled
    • 8. identifying the person or thing affected:

      you were terribly unkind to her
    • 9. identifying the recipient or intended recipient of something:

      he wrote a heart-rending letter to the parents I am deeply grateful to my parents
    • 10. identifying a particular relationship between one person and another:

      he is married to Jan's cousin economic adviser to the president
    • 11. in various phrases indicating how something is related to something else (often followed by a noun without a determiner):

      made to order a prelude to disaster
    • 12. indicating a rate of return on something, e.g., the distance traveled in exchange for fuel used, or an exchange rate that can be obtained in one currency for another:

      it only does ten miles to the gallon
    • 13. indicating the power (exponent) to which a number is raised:

      ten to the minus thirty-three
    • 14. indicating that two things are attached:

      he had left his bike chained to a fence they are inextricably linked to this island
    • 15. concerning or likely to concern (something, especially something abstract):

      a threat to world peace a reference to Psalm 22:18
    • 16. used to introduce the second element in a comparison:

      it's nothing to what it once was

    infinitive marker

    • 1. used with the base form of a verb to indicate that the verb is in the infinitive.

    • 2. expressing purpose or intention:

      I set out to buy food I am going to tell you a story we tried to help
    • 3. expressing an outcome, result, or consequence:

      he was left to die he managed to escape
    • 4. expressing a cause:

      I'm sorry to hear that
    • 5. indicating a desired or advisable action:

      I'd love to go to France this summer the leaflet explains how to start a recycling program we asked her to explain
    • 6. indicating a proposition that is known, believed, or reported about a specified person or thing:

      a house that people believed to be haunted
    • 7. forming a future tense with reference to the immediate future:

      he was about to sing
    • 8. after a noun, indicating its function or purpose:

      a chair to sit on something to eat
    • 9. after a phrase containing an ordinal number:

      the first person to arrive
    • 10. used without a verb following when the missing verb is clearly understood:

      he asked her to come but she said she didn't want to

    adverb

    • 1. so as to be closed or nearly closed:

      he pulled the door to behind him
    • preposition

      expressing motion in the direction of (a particular location):

      expressing location, typically in relation to a specified point of reference:

    • infinitive marker

      used with the base form of a verb to indicate that the verb is in the infinitive.

      expressing purpose or intention:

    • adverb

      so as to be closed or nearly closed:
    • as far as

      until

    • begin or fall into the habit of

      form a liking for

    • extend to or reach (a specified amount or size)

      be enough to cover (a particular expense); have the financial resources for

    • in or into a position immediately to one side of; beside

      following in order or importance

    • continue or confine oneself to doing or using (a particular thing)

      not move or digress from (a path or a subject)

    • adjective

      providing detailed and practical advice:
    • noun

      a book, video, or training session that provides practical advice:

      the correct procedures for a particular activity:

    • recover consciousness

      (of an expense) reach in total; amount to

    • in comparison with

      in terms of a connection to

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